Grade 4

Grade Four | YMOH Curriculum

General Overview:
Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to Pre-Kindergarten through first grade and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum objectives and American Common Core Standards, the YMOH curriculum is a robust, standards–based program of study designed to align with the most current national and international learning standards and is uniquely adapted to meet core Islamic values.
The YMOH Elementary Islamic curriculum consists of three main subjects: Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran. The program of study integrates the Saudi Arabian National curriculum for Islamic and Arabic Studies and a Quran with Tajweed program.   
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understandings that are required for each level.  The program also has a number of integrated assessment tools that allow for critical review of student performance including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, periodical reviews, projects, and formative and summative assessments. 
English Language Arts

Grade Four students will focus on four main areas: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Within these focus areas students will write, view and represent to explore thoughts, comprehend and respond personally and critically to a variety of oral and literary texts, use strategies to connect to prior knowledge, understand forms and techniques, plan and focus ideas, and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.

Area of study include;

Spelling: Spelling and vocabulary:  Grade Four students will be introduced to new concepts via essential academic vocabulary. They will learn to distinguish word meanings and their uses for subject-specific tasks and prerequisite language skills; analyze words by dissecting words into their parts (prefix, root, suffix); identify homophones, synonyms, antonyms, compound words, contractions,  and plurals; use context  clues and guide words; and use phonemes such as irregular vowel spellings correctly. Learners will also work with words containing silent letters (k sound) and three-letter blends and learn to use a dictionary and thesaurus to determine the meanings and pronunciations of unknown words.

English Language Arts: As students progress in Grade Four, they will continue to contextualize instruction of more complex language forms and uses such as subject-specific academic vocabulary; grammatical forms; and sentence structures used in listening, speaking, reading and writing. 

The Language Arts program is designed to meet essential grade level writing skills that center around applying spelling, vocabulary and grammar skills acquired in previous years. Students will be expected to correctly use irregular plurals, contractions, possessives, concrete and abstract nouns, prepositions, conjunctions, capitalization and punctuation (apostrophes, quotation marks, and commas), verb tenses, helping and  linking verbs, comparative and superlative adjectives (ending in ‘er’ and ‘est’ and more and most), adverbs,  pronouns, possessive pronouns,  titles, symbols with numbers,  bullet points,  and other grammar essentials in Language Arts. 
The Language Arts program will also include recognizing types of sentences (declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences), sentence patterns (simple, compound, complex and compound-complex), and their components (subject and predicate).  

Grammar Mechanics: Students will continue to review the eight parts of speech to develop more complex writing skills. They will be expected to apply their knowledge of nouns (common and proper nouns, singular and plural nouns, singular and plural possessive nouns, concrete and abstract nouns), subject and verb agreement, subject and linking verb agreement, subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, similes and metaphors, adjectives that compare, adjectives that form adverbs, adverbs and adverbs that compare, and correct word selection and usage.    

Reading: Grade Four students will learn to identify a variety of literary genres and forms and reading comprehension activities will include: reading schedules, following recipes, reading a manual, extracting information from newspaper articles and advertisements, distinguishing fact from opinion, identifying table of contents, using context clues, understanding idioms, exploring poetry and rhyme, and interpreting charts and graphs. Students will also learn about alliteration, similes, dialogue, role playing, persuasive writing, and captions. 

Students will also identify and understand the different genres:  fiction (mystery, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction), nonfiction (biography, autobiography, informational, reference and essays), drama (plays and skits, folk tales, fables, myths, fairytales, legends, and tall tales), and poetry(Haiku and Cinquain).

Reading Strategies: Students in Grade Four will be able to  connect to prior knowledge; retell, identify main idea and details; analyzing characters; identify setting; recognize author's purpose, predict; make inferences; visualize; summarize; self-question; ask and answer questions; make, revise, and confirm predictions; make inferences; distinguish fact from opinion, analyze problems and solutions; identify plot; draw conclusions; sequence; compare and contrast and identify cause and effect.

Research and Information: Grade Four students will be taught to conduct research independently and organize information gathered from it.

Writing: The Grade Four writing program will cover the four genres of writing: narrative, descriptive, expository and persuasive writing.  Students will demonstrate an appropriate application of their knowledge of spelling and vocabulary during the revising and editing stages of writing. Students will practice drafting  personal essays; writing story events and plots; developing character and setting;  writing diary and journal entries; authoring newspaper articles, reports, and reviews;  narrowing a topic or summarizing texts; taking notes; organizing and outlining information (pre-writing);  drawing idea webs; using Venn diagrams to illustrate, compare and contrast information; and identifying cause and effect through research. Learners will also improve their writing by restructuring or joining sentences with conjunctions, correcting run-on sentences, using transitional words, planning and sequencing events and texts, writing conclusions, composing Haiku poems, and learning how to research using an encyclopedia.

Students will also learn and implement the four purposes of writing: to inform, persuade, describe and entertain. They should also use the 5 Ws to add details in writing, use appropriate paragraph structures, review and proofread.  Students will also listen, speak and write for social interaction and develop valuable test–taking skills and demonstrate appropriate and legible handwriting skills in their writing process.
The Grade Four Mathematics program will aim towards students gaining fluency in the fundamentals of mathematics through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time. Students will develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. Students will solve problems by applying their mathematical skills to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing complexity, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps, persevering in seeking solutions, reasoning mathematically by following a line of enquiry, developing an argument and making generalizations.  
The Grade Four mathematics standards will cover core content to be taught and learned that include strategies that will enable students to demonstrate procedural reasoning and conceptual understanding as they communicate and apply mathematics in many different situations.

Area of study include;

Number and Operations:

The Grade Four program will focus on the following key areas: Whole numbers and operations (understanding place value through hundred, thousands and millions, model millions, compare and order whole numbers, use problem solving strategies and logical reasoning); addition and subtraction of whole numbers (three-digit and four-digit number addition and subtraction [algebra], round whole numbers through millions, apply logical thinking, write and evaluate expressions, addition properties, equations, addition and subtraction equations); multiplication and division (relate operations, multiplication and division facts, finding missing factors and number relations [algebra], multiplication tables through 12, evaluating expressions, solve equations, estimating products of three-digit and four-digit numbers, multiplying with zeros, multiplication by tens, multi-step problems, finding distributive properties, evaluating reasonableness, practicing short division, dividing and interpreting remainders, zero division, modeling two-digit, three digit by one-digit division, understanding factors and multiples, divisible rules, prime and composite numbers, and number patterns); fractions: understanding fractions and mixed numbers, reading and writing fractions and mixed numbers, multiplying fractions, comparing and ordering mixed numbers, modeling equivalent fractions, comparing and ordering fractions, modeling addition and subtraction of unlike fractions); decimals and place value (relating fractions and decimals, rounding decimals, adding and subtracting decimals , decimals to thousandth, equivalent decimals, relating mixed numbers and decimals, and finding percentage); patterns (using strategies and finding a rule);  and money (modeling addition, subtraction and making change, using multi- operations skills and comparing strategies).    
Students will also use number sense and apply mental math with addition and subtraction, estimating sums and differences, multiplication and division patterns, estimating products, estimating quotients, zeros in division, and use other mental math strategies and problem solving skills.

Measurement and Geometry: Grade Four students will learn to measure fractional parts, change customary units to metric units, and use strategies to compare units. Students will measure with customary units of measure for length, weight and capacity. They will also work with metric units for length, mass and capacity. Learners will be expected to make tables; measure length, weight and capacity; find perimeter, area and volume; estimate and measure perimeter and area of plane figures; use formulas; relate perimeter and area; and estimate and find the volume of prisms.  Additionally, students will learn to work with time and temperature including elapsed time, elapsed time on a calendar, changing units of time (algebra), problem solving, sequencing information and exploring negative numbers.

The Geometry syllabus will cover lines, rays, angles, and plane figures; measuring and classifying angles; line relationships; polygons; classifying triangles; classifying quadrilaterals; circles; comparing strategies; using visual thinking;  congruent and similar figures; turns and symmetry; transformations; solid figures (faces, edges, and vertices), drawing figures; patterns for solid figures; different views of solid figures; patterns in prisms and pyramids and problem solving. 

Geometry and Spatial Sense: Students will be able to identify geometric properties of parallelograms; classify two–dimensional shapes by geometric properties (number of sides, angles, and symmetry); identify a straight angle, a right angle, and half a right angle; classify prisms and pyramids by geometric properties; construct three–dimensional figures in a variety of ways; describe location using a grid system; perform and describe reflections.

Data and Graph: Grade Four students will learn to collect and organize data (find mean, median and mode, line plots, problem solving, Venn diagrams,  interpret data, bar graphs, and double bar graphs, circle graphs, use coordinate grid, line graphs, identify graph relationships and problem solving) and find probabilities (list all possible outcomes, make an organized list, predict outcomes, probability as fractions, combinations and arrangements, explore vertex-edge graphs and make generalizations).

Financial Literacy:  Grade Four Students will continue to explore the four financial literacy keys: earn, spend, save and share, and invest. Students will learn the role of producers and consumers, how media and advertisements work, how discounts and special packages are designed for consumers and how to make smart buying choices. 
Students will also identify different forms and functions of trading (buying and selling) using debit cards, credit cards, Pay Pal and other services. They will learn how an ATM machine works, why people keep money in banks, the security of money in banks, and types of savings. Students will be taught some basic Islamic trading terminologies used in reference to Islamic banking such as ‘Mudaraba’, ‘Murahaba’, ‘Musharaka’ and ‘Qird’. 
Math Vocabulary: Students will also learn math vocabulary for each unit and financial literacy terms appropriate to their level
The YMOH Elementary Science program covers three main topics:  earth and space science; life science; and environmental science; and cross curricular and integrated learning. 
Grade Four students will review previous lessons on body systems, animals and plants, adoption and embark on a higher level of study of the science topics in Grade Four.  The program will cover study of rocks, minerals, microorganisms, plant and animal adaptation, and populations of organisms.
Students will also continue to deduce evidences from the Quran and Sunnah in order that they understand the significant role that the Islam plays in modern Science.
Areas of study include;
Earth and Space Science:  Grade Four students will study about the solar system, moving space (motion), land forms, types of rocks, rock cycle, and minerals facts, layers of soil, deposition, rocks, and minerals, and fossils.
Life Science: Grade Four Students will learn about the following body systems and their functions:  nervous system;   renal system / urinary systems and their functions, microorganisms: cells, and organisms. They will also learn how to become healthy consumers and keep bacteria and protists out of the body.  
Students will also learn adaptations: understand animal and plant adaptations, plants and animals: classify fruits and vegetable as plant parts, draw food webs to understand how plants and animals make food and understand food webs. 
Environmental Science: Grade Four students will learn to healthy habitats: place where an animal or a plant normally lives or grows and that provides them with everything they need to survive. Investigate population and communities of animals (populations of organisms), human affects on environment, plant and animal producers and consumers, compare and contrast adaptations necessary for humans, animals and plants to survive in different habitats.   
Social Studies
The Grade Four Social Studies program will focus on the theme "Where in the world do Muslims Live” by Susan Douglas.   Students. Students will identify and locate continents, recount approximate world population and Muslim population of the world, define majority and minority, and describe landforms and climate in major Muslim regions.
The program will emphasize on  the importance of the Arabian Gulf, population distribution, social and economic structures, Islamic inventions and leading Islamic personalities. 
Grade Four students will also learn about maps, globes and graphs.  The program will include identifying directions and legends, read population maps, read symbols on a map, find intermediate directions, read grids drawn on a map to find places, and find places on a regional map. 
Grade Four students will be required to carry out research on various topics and assignments that will be linked to their Language Arts curriculum.
Islamic Studies : To be published

Arabic Studies : To be published

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