Grade Four | YMOH Curriculum
Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to all, Pre kindergarten through first and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum and American Common Core Standards. YMOH curriculum is a robust standard–based curriculum designed to align with the most current international and national learning standards. It is also uniquely adopted to meet the core Islamic values.
The YMOH curriculum provides Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran, equal status and are considered compulsory. Science and Social Studies have also been introduced as cross curricular subjects to develop essential knowledge, skills and practices.
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understanding that are required in each level. The program also critically reviews student’s performance through a number of assessment tools including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, projects, and assessments.
While fourth grade students are expected to develop remarkable fluency, they will be able to demonstrate comprehension of great appropriate information texts from different sources to better prepare them for higher levels. As with other levels, grade four students will benefit from the extended periods of time dedicated to reading and writing instruction to help them develop needed skills and understandings that will serve them better in all other academic areas.
Grade Four students will begin sentence analysis at this stage and practice independent writing skills including planning or sequencing, concluding, proofreading and research. They will be taught to express ideas effectively in written modes for a variety of purposes and audiences.
Students will also listen, speak and write for social interaction. Students will use oral and written language that follows the accepted conventions of the English language for effective social communication with a wide variety of people. As readers and listeners, they will use their social communications with others to enrich their understanding of people and their views.
Area of study include;
Spelling: Grade Four students will expand on their use of visual memory skills while emphasizing strongly on the meanings and uses of words. They will be taught phonetic principles with detailed information on the exceptions to these principles.They are expected to demonstrate appropriate application of spelling knowledge during revising and editing stages of writing; including the use of correct roots, inflections, derivatives, prefixes and suffixes. They will use more complex patterns to produce conventional spellings and employ word reference materials including glossary, dictionary and technology to check correct spellings.
Vocabulary: Students will develop and expand knowledge of words and their meanings to increase vocabulary. It will include studying words with reference to their context and knowing how the context affects the meaning of words. Students will learn to recognize base words and roots in related words. They will also use resource such as thesaurus to determine the meanings and pronunciations of unknown words.
Language Arts: The Fourth Grade Language Arts curriculum covers an extensive range of Independent Learning Activities (ILA) through reading and responding. This will not only help deepen their knowledge and understanding of the language, but help them become more independent and thoughtful readers.
Grammar and Mechanics: Students will cover sentence structures such as complete sentences, complex sentences, compound sentences; eight parts of speech; inflectional endings; antonyms; synonyms; similes and metaphors; conjunctions; suffixes and prefixes; connecting words; comparative and superlative adjectives; contractions; subject and predicate; punctuation marks; reading symbols with numbers; quotation marks; bullets; and the like.
Reading: Students will read a in a variety of reading materials online to help inspire their love of reading. Through these materials, they will read many texts including traditional stories, and classic literature, and will be encouraged to read independent texts on a regular basis to help them gain fluency, build their word bank and benefit from punctuation cues to understand meaning and provide expression. Other topics would include rhyming words, cause and effect, role playing, and characterization of a story, to enhance interpretation and imaginative thinking skills.
Similarly, they will read series of literature materials to help them construct meaning and appropriately respond to a wide variety of literary forms such as identifying table of contents, manuals; reading context clues and captions; author's purpose, main idea and details make inferences, cause and effect, make inferences, sequence events, interpret charts and graphs, compare and contrast, cause and effect, analyze character, sequence events, identify genre, analyze character, elements of a biography, fact or opinion, problem and solution, story elements, analyze plot, draw conclusions, identify character and setting and plot.
They will learn to identify a variety of literary genres and forms like biographies, plays, autobiographies, diaries, journal passages, traditional stories, letters, understand elements of legends, and others.
Reading Strategies: The preset reading strategies for fourth grade students include; retell, visualize, summarize, self-question, ask and answer questions, main idea and details, connect to prior knowledge, make, revise, confirm predictions, visualize, problem solving, ask and answer questions.
Research and Information: Grade Four students will be taught to conduct research independently and organize information gathered from it.
Writing: Students will be taught to write confidently and appropriately for various audiences.
Grade Four students will write and present a variety of meaningful personal, informational, and imaginative texts. They will practice writing as a process and learn to write reports, book reviews, persuasive essays, news articles, and different kinds of sentence and structures. They will learn how to use strategies when writing and representing to increase success at creating meaningful texts, use writing and representing to express, extend, and analyze thinking, reflect on, self–assess, and set goals for improvement in writing and representing.
Students are expected to develop valuable test–taking skills and demonstrate appropriate and legible handwriting skills in their writing process.
While it is structured to include unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to raise independent learners who are problem solvers and confident risk–takers, Fourth Grade mathematics is guided by the Common Core Standards that define what students must know in the following strands; number sense and operations, measurement, geometry and spatial sense standard, as well as pattering and algebra. The standards cover core content to be taught and learned and include strategies that will enable students to demonstrate procedural reasoning and conceptual understanding as they communicate and apply mathematics in many other situations.
Fourth grade mathematics includes varieties of instructional activities, learning resources, and assessment strategies, meant to elevate the meaningful engagement of mathematics learners. It is meant to enable students gain such skills as problem solving, reasoning and proving, reflecting, select appropriate tools and strategies, connect and communicate.
Area of study include;
Number and Operations: Students will learn to represent and order numbers of up to 10,000; represent money amounts of up to $100; develop the concept of place value to tenths; represent and compare fractions using fractional notation; add and subtract three–digit numbers in a variety of ways; multiply and divide two–digit whole numbers by one–digit whole numbers; relate halves, fifths, and tenths to decimals.
Measurement: This section will focus on measuring length using millimeters, and time intervals to the nearest minute; determining elapsed time; measuring mass in grams and capacity in milliliters; measuring volume using concrete materials; determining area and perimeter relationships for rectangles; comparing the mass and capacity of objects using standard units; relating years to decades and decades to centuries.
Geometry and Spatial Sense: Students will be able to identify geometric properties of parallelograms; classify two–dimensional shapes by geometric properties (number of sides, angles, and symmetry); identify a straight angle, a right angle, and half a right angle; classify prisms and pyramids by geometric properties; construct three–dimensional figures in a variety of ways; describe location using a grid system; perform and describe reflections.
Patterning and Algebra: Students will learn to generate patterns that involve addition, subtraction, multiplication, and reflections; use the commutative and distributive properties to facilitate computation; relate the term and term number in a numeric sequence; determine missing numbers in equations involving multiplication of one– and two–digit numbers.
Data Analysis: In this section, Grade Four students will learn to collect and organize discrete data; read and display data using stem–and–leaf plots and double bar graphs; understand median; compare two related sets of data; predict the frequency of an outcome; and investigate how the number of repetitions of a probability experiment affects the conclusion drawn. The mathematical process expectations are to be integrated into student learning associated with all the strands.
Grade Four students will broaden their understanding of classification, form and function through an exploration of the properties of natural and processed materials. They will learn to appreciate that some interactions are a function of phenomena that can’t be seen with the unaided eyes. Through this course, students will begin to appreciate that current systems, like the earth surface, have characteristics that have resulted from past changes and that living things form part of systems. This will enable them to carry out research on topics covered in the classroom through recommended resources and apply their knowledge to make predictions based on interactions within systems, including those involving the actions of humans.
Earth and Space Science: Students will learn about the interaction between the earth, sun, moon, and planets of the solar system. Using the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will develop an understanding of the processes, forces, and dynamic life–supporting qualities of the earth.
Life Science (Health and Fitness): Students will learn about human body, parts and basic functions of various body systems (circulatory, respiratory, digestive, skeletal and muscular system and nervous systems). They will also learn classification of plants and animals, requirements of photosynthesis, flowering and non–flowering plants, food chains and food webs. They will extend their understanding of the living world and their place within it through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science.
Environmental Science: They will learn about the external forces that affect the surface of the earth (earthquakes, floods, landslides etc.) and weather. They will also learn to compare and contrast adaptations necessary for humans, animals and plants to survive in different habitats. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will enhance their understanding of their surrounding environment.
In Fourth Grade students will cover Steck Vaughn's, Maps, Globes and Graphs Level C. They will study the World Map and learn how to label maps accurately while studying about latitude and longitude. Students will also explore the Arab World in general. This means they will broaden their knowledge of the physical and human geography of Islam while developing an awareness of Islamic citizenship and governance. They will also explore the places, cultures, and stories of Islamic States and discover the diversity and shared experiences of Arabic world, past and present through reading the book titled, “Where in the World Do Muslims Live?” by Susan Douglas. This exploration will allow students to develop a sense of belonging and enrich their understanding of citizenship in their country of residence.
The Study of Arab World: This course will also emphasize regions, European colonialism, Islamic states, importance of Arabian Gulf, population distribution, social and economic structures, Islamic inventions and leading Islamic personalities will be taught to the students. Finally, students will be required to carry out research on various topics and assignments will be linked to their Language Arts curriculum
Grade four is a crucial year to ensure that students pay attention to detail and carry out research on various topics. The level is enhanced by introducing advanced books and content which will increase their researching and referencing capabilities as we move on. We would introduce basic knowledge of Fiqh (theory).
The students will learn a course comprising of seven units - Aqeedah, Tafsir, Hadeeth, Fiqh, Character Education, Islamic History and Tajweed.
Three Fundamental Principles of Tawheed (continued from the previous level), the Wisdom of Creation, Worship, Tawheedand its types,Unification of the Godhead (Tawheed Rububiyya), Unification of Divinity (Tawheed Uloohiya ) and Unification of names and attributes of Allah (Tawheed Asma wa Sifaat) will be taught to students.
Tawheed: The true Iman, Explanation of Shirk and Taghoot and their roots shall be included in the course. They will also learn about the messengers sent to His creation and will learn the Seerah of the following Messengers.
Sahaba Series: Sahaba Series: In this series students will study about the ten Companions who were given the glad tidings of Jannah i.e., Abu Bakr Abdullah ibn Quhaafah al-Siddique, Umar ibn Al Khattab, Uthman ibn Affaan, Ali ibn Abi Taalib, Talha ibn ‘Ubaydullah, Zubayr ibn al-‘Awwaam, Abdurrahman ibn Awf, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqaas, Said ibn Zayd, and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah.
Tafir will cover the chapters used for tilaawat, and in grade 4 students will learn explanation of Surahs Al Ghafir and Ad Dhariaat.
Students will also learn a few basic topics from Uloom al Quran under the following headings.
a. Definition and benefits of Knowledge
b. History of Uloom al Quran
2. The Quran: meaning, definition, different names given to the Quran
3. Concept of Wahy/revelation
Revision from previous year and i.e Fiqh of Wudhu (ablution) including Fard and Sunan of Wudhu Adhan and Iqaam, sunnah of Adhan and conditions of Salah.
Character Education: Adab is integrated into the entire program. Students will learn about the Sunnah of the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the characteristics of the Bearers of the Quran (book by Imam al-Ajooriyy al-Baghdadi) as given in the Quran itself within their Tajweed curriculum. They will start with the study of Ikhlas and good intention and carry on to saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of Supplications each year (Please refer to the YMOH Supplication book).
In Grade Four, students will learn the meaning and benefits of a selected group of hadith in English with Arabic text and authentic references. They will briefly learn about biography of the narrator of the hadith, the meaning and an explanation of the Arabic terms in order to apply their values in their daily lives.
The Seven under the Shade of Allah: The Prophet said, “There are seven whom Allah will shade under His Shade on the Day when there is no shade except His Shade: a just ruler; a youth who grew up in the worship of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic; a man whose heart is attached to the mosques; two men who love each other for Allah's sake, meeting for that and parting upon that; a man who is called by a woman of beauty and position [for illegal intercourse], but he says: 'I fear Allaah', a man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity; and a man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed tears.” Narrated by Abu Hurairah & collected in Saheeh al-Bukhari (English trans.) vol.1, p.356, no.629 & Saheeh Muslim (English trans.) vol.2, p.493, no.2248
Excellence of walking to Masjid: Abu Hurairah (r.a) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "He who goes to the mosque in the morning or in the evening, Allah prepares for him a place in Jannah whenever he goes to the mosque in the morning and returns from it in the evening.''[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The importance of Istiqama (standing firm) : On the authority of Abu 'Amr, though others call him Abu 'Amrah Sufyan bin 'Abdullah (r.a), who said, “I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about Islam which I could not ask anyone about, save you. ' He answered, 'Say: 'I believe in Allah', and then stand firm and steadfast. '” [Muslim]
Merits of Salah at their fixed timings: Narrated 'Abdullah ibn Masood: I asked the Prophet, "Which deed is the dearest to Allah?" He replied, "To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times." I asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To be good and dutiful to your parents." I again asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, ''To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah's cause." 'Abdullah added, "I asked only that much and if I had asked more, the Prophet would have told me more." Volume 1, Book 10, Number505 .
Khulafa Ar Rashideen
Quran with Tajweed:
Grades Four and above students will review basic rules and move on to learn advance level of Tajweed rules.
Memorization portion: Juz Qadsami’a and poem Tuhfatul Atfaal
From time to time we will test the previously memorization portions before moving forward. Students who have already memorized parts of the Quran will follow the same plan of study and will learn to identify or apply the rules of Tajweed on previously memorized Quranic text.
From grade three to five students will cover Arabic grammar Sarf and Nahu, reading and writing from the text book titled “Qira’a wa Anasheed” a Ministry of Education – Saudi Arabia publication by Dar al Aqaam. The book is similar to the Logati series of Arabic Language books used in Grades one and two .
Beginners at this level are required to have basic reading, writing and communication skills in Arabic. The course outline would focus on their need to understand grammatical construction through the study of Sarf and Nahu along with the reading book.
At the end of the course the students will be able to read and understand written Arabic texts and/or other materials presented in class; communicate in Arabic to deal with day to day activities; increase their grammatical accuracy; build vocabulary and substantiate their understanding of the Arabic language from an Islamic perspective.