Grade Three | YMOH Curriculum
Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to all, Pre kindergarten through first and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum and American Common Core Standards. YMOH curriculum is a robust standard–based curriculum designed to align with the most current international and national learning standards. It is also uniquely adopted to meet the core Islamic values.
The YMOH curriculum provides Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran, equal status and are considered compulsory. Science and Social Studies have also been introduced as cross curricular subjects to develop essential knowledge, skills and practices.
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understanding that are required in each level. The program also critically reviews student’s performance through a number of assessment tools including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, projects, and assessments.
English Language Arts
The goal of YMOH literacy program is to incorporate our inquiry–based philosophy to create independent, critical, and ardent life–long readers and writers. To achieve this, the program is based on a balanced–literacy approach in which writing, reading, speaking, and listening enables students to develop needed skills and understandings that will serve them in all academic areas.
Our Grade Three English Language lessons are structured in a way to teach and enhance students’ vocabulary, spelling, reading, listening, pronunciation and speaking. As a result, students are expected to develop greater fluency and demonstrate comprehension of great appropriate information texts from a range of resources to prepare them to participate effectively going forward in the higher levels. Our support for best practices allows us to dedicate extended periods of time for reading and writing instruction
We believe that Third Grade is a year of highly visible progress, and should contain learning activities that focus primarily on reading comprehension, writing skills and vocabulary enhancement. As listeners and readers, grade three students will be able to analyze experiences, ideas, information and issues presented by others through a range of established criteria. They will learn to use oral and written language that follows the accepted conventions of the English language to form a variety of perspectives and present their opinions and judgments on experiences, ideas, information and issues.
Area of study include;
Phonics: Grade levels 1 to 3 are expected to focus on phonemic awareness, understanding of letter–sound relationships, vocabulary knowledge, semantic and syntactic awareness, higher-order thinking skills, and capacity for metacognition. Therefore, Grade Three students are expected to become more comfortable with a number of reading aspects while demonstrating alphabetic knowledge, phonemic awareness, sound–symbol relations, word–identification strategies, spelling and writing connections, related reading practice, and reading fluency to help them connect to the relations between letters and sounds effectively.
Spelling: This section includes a comprehensive spelling program which extends past the simple memorization of the letters that make up the individual words. Based on a weekly word lists given for the purpose of improving students’ spelling, the section offers an ideal opportunity to ensure that all students are exposed to words that will reinforce their overall success in literacy. All students will be given a list of spelling words followed by weekly assessment. This practice will enable them master spelling foundation skills and understand the patterns that establish construction and spelling of words in the English language.
Vocabulary: While the Third Grade spellings emphasize the solidify sound–letter relationships including basic alternate spellings; employ more visual strategies in learning to spell, expand word difficulty appropriately, and use spelling words in context, the vocabulary section is structured based on vocabulary building through the use of reading, grammar, spelling and writing exercises. It focuses on content vocabulary, plural endings, question words, dictionary skills, compound words, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, possessives, homophones, alphabetizing, numbers words and abbreviations, similes, homographs, multiple meaning words, syllables, suffixes and prefixes, allegories, word origins/base words, and pronunciation.
Language Arts: The Third Grade Language Arts curriculum covers an extensive range of Independent Learning Activities (ILA) through reading and responding.
Grammar and Mechanics: This will cover the eight parts of speech; sentence structures such as complete sentences, complex sentences, compound sentences; inflectional endings; similes and metaphors; antonyms; synonyms; conjunctions; connecting words; suffixes and prefixes; comparative and superlative adjectives; contractions; subject and predicate; punctuation marks; reading symbols with numbers; quotation marks; bullets; and others appropriate to their level.
Reading: The reading program explicitly teaches several thinking strategies that help students understand texts deeply and more critically. Through online reading programs, students will engage in a repertoire of appropriate reading material online. They will be taught to go beyond the literal meaning; to question, interpret, analyze, evaluate and infer what they read.
Also, they will be encouraged to read independent texts regularly to gain fluency, build vocabulary, connect to prior knowledge, author’s purpose, cause and effect, main idea and details, story elements, problem solving, drawing conclusions, analyze character, sequence events, cause and effect, make inferences, classify information, compare and contrast, fact and opinion, problem solving and elements of a biography.
Writing: This section of the curriculum will offer students the chances to create various kinds of texts; imaginative, personal, and informational, as well as those that contain a combination of writing and graphic representations. Students will be able to write more independently than those of the previous Grade and spend a significant amount of time engaged in writing on their own, as well as for assigned projects. They will also learn to organize their work using a beginning, middle and end; focus on a sequence of events; use descriptive detail and literary devices such as dialogue, point of view, and figurative language (metaphors and similes) as well as evaluate writing and conduct research.
Writing skills cover descriptive writing, combining sentences, writing topic sentences, paragraph structures, supporting facts, conclusion, proofreading, and so on. Finally, grade three students will learn to write for a purpose and audience; access reference materials; use criteria to improve writing; use conventional spelling, sentence variation and new vocabulary.
YMOH mathematics program is structured to include unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to breed independent learners who are not only problem solvers, but confident risk–takers. We understand that educational excellence is only achieved when content is sequenced, applicable to students’ interests and needs, and applied to solving real problems.
Mathematics and problem–solving skills are in becoming increasingly more valued as we move from an industrial to an informational society. As a result of this, mathematics literacy has become essential. Making connections between mathematical study and daily life, business, government, industry, and environmental thinking is important. The YMOH mathematics curriculum aims to support and promote the understanding that mathematics is a way of learning about our world, part of our daily lives, both quantitative and geometric in nature.
It includes varieties of instructional activities, learning resources, and assessment strategies, meant to elevate the meaningful engagement of mathematics learners. It is created to be used as an aid to help students gain the prescribed outcomes and achievement indicators in their grade level mathematics. For instance, throughout grade three, students will gain such skills as problem solving, reasoning and proving, reflecting, select appropriate tools and strategies, reflect, connect and communicate at grade level.
Area of study include;
Number and Operations: Students will learn to represent and order numbers up to 1000; represent money amounts up to $10; compose and decompose three–digit numbers; investigate fractions of a set; count by 1’s, 2’s, 5’s, 10’s, 25’s, and 100’s; add and subtract three–digit numbers in a variety of ways; relate one–digit multiplication, and finally learn division by one–digit divisors, to real–life situations.
Measurement: This section will focus on measuring distance using kilometers; telling time to the nearest 5 minutes; identifying temperature benchmarks; measuring perimeter using standard units; measuring mass in kilograms and capacity in liters; measuring area using grid paper; comparing the length, mass, and capacity of objects using standard units; relating minutes to hours, hours to days, days to weeks, and weeks to years.
Geometry and Spatial Sense: Student will be able to use a reference tool to identify right angles and compare angles with a right angle; classify two–dimensional shapes by geometric properties (number of sides and angles); classify three–dimensional figures by geometric properties (number of faces, edges, and vertices); relate different types of quadrilaterals; name prisms and pyramids; identify congruent shapes; describe movement on a grid map; and recognize transformations.
Patterning and Algebra: Students will learn to create and extend growing and shrinking patterns; represent geometric patterns with a number sequence, a number line, and a bar graph; determine the missing numbers in equations involving addition and subtraction of one– and two–digit numbers; investigate the properties of zero and one in multiplication.
Data Analysis: This section will focus on organizing objects into categories using two or more attributes; collecting and organizing categorical and discrete data; reading and displaying data using vertical and horizontal bar graphs; understanding mode; predicting the frequency of an outcome; relating fair games to equally likely events.
Over Grade Three students will develop their understanding of a variety of systems operating at different geographic scales and time. They will be aware of the different parts of human body and their functions, different parts of flowers and their functions, as well as causes and effects of environmental pollution. The course will also help them hone or develop an understanding of the forces that affect the surface of the earth. They will learn to group and classify things as living or non–living, and begin to recognize that classifications are not always easy to apply or define. Students will also learn to quantify their observations to enable comparison, and learn more sophisticated ways of identifying and representing relationships, including the use of tables and graphs to identify trends.
With respect to the Book of Allah through which we have learned the uniqueness of most of His creations, the following sections of the course will enable students to study about some of Allah’s creations:
Earth and Space Science: Students will learn about the three major layers of the earth, fossils, and forces that affect the earth’s surface including earthquakes and volcanoes. They will develop an understanding of the processes, forces, and dynamic life–supporting qualities of the earth through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science.
Life Science (Health and Fitness): They will learn about the miracles of human bodies, functions of bones, muscles and nerves, breathing and digestion, parts and function of flower, germination of seeds and methods of pollination. This section will also cover the miracle of the seed, how fossils overturned evolution, products from plants and animals, reproduction through flowers, how plants interact with their environment to make a link between themselves and animals, and how plants and animals react to the changing environment and their classification. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will extend their understanding of the living world and their place within it.
Environment Science: Students will study about methods to prevent environmental pollution, harmful and helpful actions on the environment as well as the causes of endangerment and extinction. They will be introduced to the basic experiments to help them explore and develop a thorough understanding of the various processes in nature. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will enrich their understanding of their surrounding environment.
Grade Three students will be introduced to world geography and enrich their appreciation of global diversity as they explore communities and cultures. They will learn the basic features of geography and history of their individual country of residence. Through maps, they will study the seven continents, important forests, desert, grassland, tundra or ice and mountains and be able to discuss the national interest of Gulf countries. For example, the national flag, the president, major industries, famous landmarks, and so on.
Through this exploration, Third Grade students will explore the ways of life in Islamic communities around the world, past and present; learn to identify Islamic states and their geographical location, population, national language, climate, etc. They will also learn about how Islam spread starting from the advent of Islam and will continue on to discuss key dates and Islamic personalities of the medieval period. Finally, this section will include Third Grade students learning from the book titled “Muslim Cities Then and Now” by Susan Douglas.
Grade Three students will study a course comprising of the seven units: Aqeedah, Fiqh, Seerah, Tafseer, Hadeeth, Character Education and Tajweed.
Aqeedah: Students will cover three main topics: The Three Fundamental Principles, (Who is your Lord? What is your Religion and Who is your Prophet?), the Five Pillars of Islam and the Six Pillars of Eeman (faith).
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books and His Messengers. They say, ‘We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers’ – and they say, ‘We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).’” [2:285]; and His saying, “It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards East or West; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers” [2:177]
Seerah: Students will study "Madinan Period" from the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). They will learn about:
The migration and the period in Medina
First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
The Battle of Badr
The Battle of Uhud
Tragedy of the Ma‘una Well
Al-Ahzab (the Confederates) Invasion
Sahaba Series: This series will include study on the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) who were also the early converts to Islam i.e., Abu Bakr, Abdullah ibn Quhaafah al-Siddique, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Swaid bin Samit, Eyas bin Mu‘adh, Abu Dhar Al- Ghifari, Tufail bin ‘Amr Ad- Dausi, and Dhumad Al- Azdi.
Surah Al Kahf and Surah Al Furqan will be elaborated to the students at a level of their understanding.
Fiqh: The course is designed to teach students the vitals of Fiqh which includes guiding them regarding the manners of purifying oneself and dress, body and place, Istinja, Istijmaar, manners of entering the toilet, making ablution (wudhu), duas of the Azan, the Iqamah, (the call to prayer), going to the masjid, attributes of salah, دعاء الاستفتاح , and greetings on the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).
Character Education: Adab is integrated into the entire program. Students will learn about the Sunnah of the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas, good intention, saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of Supplications each year (Please refer to the YMOH Supplication book).
In Grade Three, students will learn the meaning and benefits of a selected group of hadith in English with Arabic text and authentic references. They will briefly learn about biography of the narrator of the hadith and also the meaning and an explanation of the Arabic terms in order to apply their values in their daily lives.
1. Brotherhood and the love of God: Narrated Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself." [Bukhari and Muslim (p. 26, No. 13, Sahih Muslim p. 50, No. 45]
2. Mercy: Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah: Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.” [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 473]
3. Good character (akhlaq): Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr: The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) never used bad language neither a 'Fahish' nor a ‘Mutafahish.’ He used to say, 'The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.' [Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 759]
4. Co-operation: Narrated Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The relationship of the believer with another believer is like (the bricks of) a building, each strengthens the other.'' He (peace and blessings be upon him) illustrated this by interlacing the fingers of both his hands [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Quran with Tajweed:
Grade three students continue rules of madd (asl and fari’) including types of lengthening, stops and pauses, rules of laam lam and raa, and hamza al wasl.
Memorization portion: Juz At Tabaaraq
Arabic Sarf and Nahu
From grade three to five students will cover Arabic grammar Sarf and Nahu and reading from the text book titled “Qira’a wa Anasheed” a Ministry of Education – Saudi Arabia publication by Dar al Aqaam. The book is similar to the Logati series of Arabic Language books used in Grade one.
Beginners at this level are required to have basic reading, writing and communication skills in Arabic. The course outline would focus on their need to understand grammatical construction through the study of Sarf and Nahu along with the reading book.
At the end of the course the students will be able to read and understand written Arabic texts and/or other materials presented in class; communicate in Arabic to deal with day to day activities; increase their grammatical accuracy; build vocabulary and substantiate their understanding of the Arabic language from an Islamic perspective.