Grade One | YMOH Curriculum
Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to all, Pre kindergarten through first and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum and American Common Core Standards. YMOH curriculum is a robust standard–based curriculum designed to align with the most current international and national learning standards. It is also uniquely adopted to meet the core Islamic values.
The YMOH curriculum provides Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran, equal status and are considered compulsory. Science and Social Studies have also been introduced as cross curricular subjects to develop essential knowledge, skills and practices.
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understanding that are required in each level. The program also critically reviews student’s performance through a number of assessment tools including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, projects, and assessments.
The goal of YMOH literacy program is to incorporate our inquiry–based philosophy to create independent, critical, and ardent life–long readers and writers. To achieve this, the program is based on a balanced–literacy approach in which writing, reading, speaking, and listening enables students to develop needed skills and understandings that will serve them in all academic areas.
While Grade One English Language lessons are structured in a way to teach students vocabulary, spelling, reading, listening, pronunciation and speaking, students are expected to listen, speak and write for information and understanding. As listeners and readers, they will collect data, facts and ideas; discover relationships, concepts, and generalizations.
In support of best practices, we dedicate extended periods of time for reading and writing instruction. Therefore, students will use oral and written language reinforcements that follow the accepted conventions of the English language to acquire, interpret, apply and transmit information.
Areas of study include;
Phonics: A student’s level of phonological awareness at the end of grade is one of the strongest predictors of future reading success, in later grades. The grade one reading program features a review of all the short vowels, beginning and ending consonants, thus helping students learn the proper pronunciation of words, consonant digraphs, short and long vowel sounds, soft and hard alphabet sounds, rhyming words, and unusual word sounds.
Spelling: YMOH spelling program is designed to teach spelling rules and most frequently used words –high frequency and sight words. While such strategies as visual memory, sound–letter relationships, and meanings are used in the instruction, writing and/or composition activities are a major part of each spelling lesson. Students will learn to spell appropriate words including blending words with correct usage of consonants, long and short vowels, as well as beginning and ending letters.
Vocabulary: Based on a weekly schedule with a range of practice formats, YMOH vocabulary combines phonics and reading skills to help students build their vocabulary. Its flexibility allows for adding words students need to work on and to tailor the writing assignments for individual use. Students will sharpen their vocabulary skills in order to better understand and apply what they learned in writing practice.
Language Arts: This affords students brilliant opportunities to experience the power of language by dealing with a range of texts and with the full range of contexts and purposes associated with the use of language. For instance, they will be given lessons on such area of grammar as ABC order, capitalization and punctuation, parts of speech, plurals, antonyms, synonyms, syllables, contractions, basic rules of word usage and base words. It will also allow them to learn the basic sentence and statements structures, asking and telling sentences and their structures.
Grammar and Mechanics: This will cover nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and simple sentence structures such as complete sentences, opposites, capital letters, punctuation marks (viz period, comma, exclamation mark and question mark); reading symbols with numbers; and others appropriate to their level.
Reading: The reading section of this curriculum focuses mainly on providing students with great opportunities to read various types of text through variety of reading material online, in order to improve literal and higher–level comprehension. They will be encouraged to read independent texts on a regular basis in order to increase fluency in reading, build their word bank and benefit from punctuation cues to understand meaning and provide expression.
While it will increase students’ repertoire of techniques and strategies they can use before, during, and after reading to comprehend and extend their understandings of texts, the section is planned to develop students’ metacognitive capacity to identify and achieve goals for improving their reading and to respond to texts in an increasingly thoughtful and sophisticated manner. It will also develop students’ awareness of the different kinds of written and visual text, the characteristics that distinguish them, and the impact of the stylistic effects used.
Reading Strategies: First grade reading strategies will include retell, make, revise, confirm, predictions, visualize, ask and answer questions, self–monitor, summarize, connect to prior knowledge, text to text connections, and self–question.
Writing: While children gain insights that help them as writers in learning to read, learning to write is also integral to their reading. However, writing is more than an aid to learning to read, it is one of the essential goals of this curriculum. It helps develop students’ ability to construct basic sentences and creative writing skills such as descriptive writing using nouns and adverbs, use of appropriate vocabulary, reading and grammar skills. They will also reflect on a range of ideas from resources used in class on how to communicate effectively through writing.
YMOH mathematics program aims to incorporate unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to breed independent learners who are not only problem solvers, but confident risk–takers. We understand that educational excellence is only achieved when content is sequenced, applicable to students’ interests and needs, and applied to solving real problems.
We also know that the study of mathematics plays an integral role in the promotion of universal language, along with problem solving and reasoning skills that contribute to the growth of abstract, logical, and critical thinking. These factors form the basis of the engaging and rigorous mathematics program offered at YMOH. This program will equip Grade One students with the skills of problem solving, reasoning and explaining, reflecting, as well as selecting appropriate tools and strategies.
Areas of study include;
Number and Operations: Students will learn to represent and order whole numbers of up to 50; establish the conservation of number; represent money amounts to 20¢; compose and decompose numbers of up to 20; establish a one–to–one correspondence when counting the elements in a set; count by 1’s, 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s; add and subtract numbers up to 20.
Measurement: This helps hone students measuring skills through non–standard units; telling time to the nearest half–hour; developing a sense of area; comparing objects using measurable attributes; comparing objects using non–standard units; investigating the relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units needed to measure the length of an object.
Geometry and Spatial Sense: This focuses mainly on sorting and classifying two shapes and three dimensional shapes by attributes; recognizing symmetry; relating shapes to other shapes, designs, and figures; as well as describing location using positional language.
Patterning and Algebra: This helps develop students’ creative skills through creating and extending repeating patterns involving one attribute; introducing the concept of equality using only concrete materials.
Data Analysis: Students will learn sorting (pattern), ordering, classifying, basic skills of compiling data, producing charts and reading and creating graphs.
Financial Literacy: Under financial literacy, Grade One students will learn basics of economics such as scarcity or limited resources, kinds of resources, goods and services, professions, needs and wants; role of money and money cycle; exchange of money for goods (barter system) and Islamic trade during the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him); where money comes from, how families earn an income, how to save, spend share and importance of Sadaqa and Zakaat in Islam.
Math Vocabulary: Students will also learn math vocabulary for each unit
Children have an inherent curiosity within themselves about the things around them in nature. Taking advantage of this curiosity, students, from foundation to second grade, will be taught the science inquiry skills and science as a human endeavor strand. They will learn that observations can be organized to reveal patterns that can be used to make predictions about phenomena while gaining knowledge about a variety of living things including humans from an Islamic point of view. They will learn to value counting as a means of comparing observations, and are introduced to ways of organizing their observations.
With respect to this, Grade One students will be able to infer simple cause–and–effect relationships from their experiences and observations, and even start to link phenomena and events with observable effects. They will be able to observe changes whether small or large, that can happen slowly or quickly. Students will learn about the origin of creation, and will link their understanding of science to Deen (religion), signs of the Creator and His creation. They will learn to research on topics covered through recommended resources while exploring the properties of familiar objects and phenomena, identifying similarities and differences.
Earth and Space Science: Students will study about the universe, earth, the sun, the moon, night and day, weather and seasons. Using the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will develop an understanding of the processes, forces, and dynamic life–supporting qualities of the earth.
Life Science (Health and Fitness): Students will learn about the human body, five senses, growth and development. They also study about the diversity, continuity, interactions, and balance amongst organisms and their environments including life processes of plant and animals, parts of plants and what living things need for survival and their life cycles and environment. They will extend their understanding of the living world and their place within it through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science.
Environmental Science: With respect to health and fitness, students will learn about environments for living things, places to live, causes of pollution, preserving natural resources and understand the concepts of the 3 Rs (Reduce, Recycle and Reuse), what it means to go green and periodically undertake projects at home. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will build a foundation for their understanding of their surrounding environment.
Grade Two students will be introduced to where Muslims live around the world. They will learn to read the Map of the Word, its oceans, continents and physical features of Muslim countries. They will also learn, place, location, environment, movement, and historical and geographical regions, and be able to identify where they live, and where other Muslims countries are located on the map.
Students will learn about the three major Islamic cities, Mekkah, Madinah and Jerusalem. Reflect on their background (Surah at Tin) and build awareness of the cities background and religious significance.
Students will learn about Muslim communities living around the world, their heritage and culture, food, language and other aspects of daily life. This exploration will also enable them to discover the diversity and commonalities that link Muslim communities.
Project activities will include writing a timeline, analyze how past and present are connected, compare and contrast and differentiate how things change over time and design and create a model of their own Muslim city.
Grade Two students will learn courses comprising of the eight units: Fiqh, Aqeedah,, Seerah, Sahaba Series, Tafsir, Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs), Hadith, and Qur’an with Tajweed.
Areas of study include:
Aqeedah (Tawheed): Students will learn about the Three Fundamental Principles, The Five Pillars of Islam and The Six Pillars of Iman (faith). The Three Ranks of Deen (Islam, Iman and Ihsan)
Fiqh: Students will begin the year with a review of the Grade One Fiqh portion covering Taharah, Wudhu, Istinjaa and Istijmar, Tayyammum, Salah, supplication (Dua) Istafaah, Tashahud, and other supplications in Salah.
Seerah: Students will review seerah from Grade One and embark on advance literature appropriate to Grade Two . Seerah will cover the birth and life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) during his early Mekkan period, and the companions who recorded the Qur’an (Al Quraa).
From the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) they will learn about:
- The birth of the Prophet (story of the Year of the Elephant)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as a Shepherd
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him): the Truthful and the Trustworthy)
- The Revelation
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his household
- The Year of Grief
- Al-Isra' and Al-Mi'raj
- The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Sahabah Series: In this series, students will learn about the ten Companions who wrote down the Qur’an (Abdullah ibn Masood, Ubai Ibn Ka'ab, Zaid Ibn Thabit, Abdullah ibn Al-Zubair, Mu’ad Ibn Jabal, Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam, Thabit bin Qais bin Shammas, Hanzalah bin Al-Rabee'I, Al- Zubair bin Al-Awwam and Abdullah bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with them).
(According to authentic sources there were twenty nine scribes, the most renowned among whom were the four Caliphs: Abu Bakr Siddiqi, Umar ibn Al Khattab, Uthman ibn Affawan, Ali ibn Abi Thalib. Other companions included Aban bin Saeed bin al Aase,Khalid bin sa'eed bin al Aase, Khalid bin al Walid, Abdullah bin Sa'ad bin abi as Sarh, Amir bin Fuhairah, Abdullah bin Zaid bin Abdu Rabbihi, Al Aala'a bin al Hadrami, Muhammed bin Maslamah bin Jurais, Mu'awiyyah bin abi Sufyan, Al Mughirah bin Shu'bah (May Allah be pleased with them). (Ref. Ibn Katheer in his book ' Al bidayah wan Nihayaah'))
Tafsir: Students will continue to learn the importance of understanding the meaning/interpretation of short Surahs in Juz Amma.
Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs): Tahtheeb Al-Nafs is integrated into the entire program. Students will learn about the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas (good intentions), saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of supplications each year.
Hadith: Students will learn about the meanings and benefits of a selected number of hadeeth translated in English from authentic and reliable Arabic sources, (Sahih). They will also briefly learn about the biographies of the narrators of the ahadith and benefit from lessons derived from them. .
Explanation and benefits:
1. Brotherhood and the love of God: Narrated Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself." [Bukhari and Muslim (p. 26, No. 13, Sahih Muslim p. 50, No. 45]
2. Mercy: Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.” [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 473]
3. Good Character (Akhlaq Hasana): Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) never used bad language neither a 'Fahish' nor a ‘Mutafahish.’ He used to say, 'The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and characters.' [Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 759]
4. Co-operation: Narrated Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The relationship of the believer with another believer is like (the bricks of) a building, each strengthens the other.'' He (peace and blessings be upon him) illustrated this by interlacing the fingers of both his hands [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Quran with Tajweed
Students will continue Al Qaida Al Nooraniya (Part II) and will learn the letters of al ghunnah, types of iqlaab, rules of meen sakinah, idghaam, and its sub categories idghaam shafawi, ikhfaa shafawi and idhaar shawawi. In Grade Two, following rules of Tajweed will be covered from Al Qaida Nooraniya.
Lessons 7 – 9 Alif, waaw and yaa Sageerah (madd sageerah) and and leen letters
Lessons 16 – 17/last lesson: Sukun with madd, idghaam and revision
Lesson 3 huruf al muqatta’a
Laf Dul Jalalah. (uttering the word of The Magnificent)
Memorisation portion: Juz Amma
Students will also review and memorize Juz Amma while applying Tajweed rules to new chapters/ Surahs. .
Grade Two students will have summarized the Loghati workbooks to meet our students ability to cope with the level of the native speaker. and continue to work with the. The lessons will covering seven units comprising of Arabic reading, writing and grammar as a first language.
The first semester topics will cover: ‘My Relative’,’ My Friends and my Neighbors’ and ‘I Love My Country’ The second term covers lessons on ”transportation and Communication and ‘Love of Work” -
Spelling and Vocabulary: The lessons include a variety of vocabulary words based on reading comprehension and discussions covering each chapter and the use of phrases and expressions such as ليت \ إنَّ \ إلاَّ . and others. Each lesson will consist of a list of important vocabulary to be studies bu the student in other that he or she may build his vocabulary and spelling.
Grammar Mechanics: Students will learn the Arabic tenses ( past, present and imperative), demonstrative pronouns (dual and plural), colors, feminine and masculine nouns, verbs and how to conjugate them using I, you (m) and you (f), he, she and we. synonyms, opposites and use punctuation marks.
They will also learn how to ask questions and answer questions using appropriate vocabulary and Arabic expressions.
Reading: The students will read and comprehend the Arabic text through a spelling and vocabulary bank for each reading lesson. They will learn to identify Arabic texts, then revise, analyze and observe the different articulation between long and short Arabic vowels ا و and ي, use of ال alif laam in nouns (definite) sun and moon letters, the use of \ ـه \ ـة, (ha and taa Marbutha), the difference between ( همزة الوصل والقطع ), difference between ي\ى and Hamza(t) ( همزة الوصل والقطع والاسم الممدود ). Students will also be reading short poems, ahadith and Quranic verses relevant to the subject or theme.
Students will be given access to the YMOH Reading Room to access Arabic reading books appropriate to their age/grade.
Listening: Students will watch videos related to the lesson to develop their listening skills. The videos will contain short stories and nasheeds related to the topics in the book.
Speaking: The ‘Loghati’ books are richly illustrated with visuals that help students describe and communicate their thoughts and feelings. In the class students will be encouraged to use new words and expressions in their day-to-day conversations.
Writing: Students will be given ample homework exercises and they will be required to develop their handwriting skills and gradually develop the ability to identify answers to their reading comprehension and other activities from the reading passage and write their answers even with a one word answer.